Respiratory diseases are those that affect the lungs, the air sacs, and other organs of the respiratory system in our body. While the most common causes for these diseases are pollution and smoking tobacco, you might get affected due to some allergies, nutritional deficiency, and genetic reasons as well. TX Hospitals is one of the best hospitals for respiratory diseases treatment.
However, there’s a general list of symptoms for you to get an idea.
Common Symptoms of Respiratory Diseases
- Difficulty in breathing or Shortness of Breathing
- Severe cough
- Bleeding when you cough
- A feeling of heaviness while breathing
- Chest pain
- Sore throat
- Blood in mucus
Now, that we know what are the general signs and symptoms, let’s proceed with the different respiratory disease types.
Types of Respiratory Diseases
Depending on the different causes, respiratory diseases can be categorized into several types. Today, in this article, we’ll discuss the principal 7 types.
1. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)
If you are a smoker or inhale tobacco in any form, you are most likely to suffer from this disease. People who spend a lot of their time in industrial areas where there is irritating gas all around may also get this disease.
Sometimes Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease can also be caused due to genetic reasons.
- Shortness of breath
- Lung cancer
Please note that this is a long-term disease that doesn’t have a proper cure. However, you can manage it and keep it from getting worse with some treatment methods.
- Smoking cessation
- Bronchodilator therapy
- Pulmonary rehabilitation
Pulmonary Rehabilitation is a program that focuses on nutritional counseling, plus teaching you breathing and exercise strategies.
The condition happens when your airways become narrow due to inflammation. This situation makes breathing difficult and may sometimes lead to producing extra mucus.
Asthma is of various types. These include allergic, non-allergic, occupational, cough-variant, nocturnal, aspirin-induced, and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction asthma.
- Dry cough
- Tightness in the chest
- Whistling sound while exhaling
There are mainly two causes.
- Your genes: If someone in your family has asthma, you can have it too.
- Less exposure to bacteria during the infant stage: Some babies are grown in such hygienic conditions that there is no bacteria for their bodies to fight while they are growing up. This situation takes away their opportunity to strengthen their immunity.
- Take long term medications to manage asthma.
- Do breathing exercises.
- Get Bronchodilators through a nebulizer.
Emphysema is a severe form of COPD. The condition defines the situation when the air sacs that are in your lungs get damaged, narrowed, over-inflated, or stretched. It evolves over the years and eventually leads to respiratory failure. Unfortunately, it has no cure.
- Chronic cough
- Shortness of breath
- Loss of appetite
It is no surprise that the most common cause is smoking. Tobacco damages the air sacs to such a level that they are no longer capable of repairing themselves.
The other major cause is your genes. If someone in your family has or had Emphysema, it is possible you can inherit it too.
As mentioned above, there’s no proper cure for Emphysema. However. It can be kept in control with the help of medications. If gone severe you might have to go for surgery. Here are the medications you can take.
Bronchodilators (this treatment helps to relieve the blockage by opening up the airways in your lungs).
These are of two types:
Pulmonary rehabilitation: This program helps people with lifestyle management. It helps to:
- Get rid of the habit of smoking.
- Follow a healthy diet.
- Exercise consistently.
- Practice breathing exercises like diaphragmatic breathing, pursed-lip breathing, and deep breathing.
- Make a habit of drinking more water.
- Make a habit of avoiding cold air – with scarves and masks.
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