Duodenal stent placement

Duodenal stent placement is a minimally invasive procedure used to relieve blockages in the duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine. The procedure involves inserting a small, metal or plastic stent into the blocked area to help keep it open and allow food to pass through. This procedure is typically used to treat patients with advanced cancers or other conditions that cause a narrowing of the duodenum.

Indications for Duodenal Stent Placement:

Duodenal stent placement may be recommended for patients with a variety of conditions, including:

  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Bile duct cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Duodenal cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Peptic ulcers
  • Scarring or strictures in the duodenum

Benefits of Duodenal Stent Placement

Duodenal stent placement offers several benefits over other treatments for blocked duodenal passages, including:

  • Minimally invasive procedure: Duodenal stent placement is a minimally invasive procedure that can be done on an outpatient basis.
  • Rapid relief of symptoms: Patients often experience rapid relief of symptoms after the stent is placed.
  • Improved quality of life: Patients are able to resume normal eating and drinking habits after the stent is placed, which can significantly improve their quality of life.
  • Avoids surgery: Duodenal stent placement can often be used as an alternative to surgery, which can be more invasive and require a longer recovery time.

Preparation for Duodenal Stent Placement

Before the procedure, patients will need to undergo a thorough evaluation to determine if they are a good candidate for duodenal stent placement. This may include blood tests, imaging studies, and other diagnostic tests. Patients will also need to fast for a certain period of time before the procedure.

Procedure Details:

Duodenal stent placement is typically done using an endoscope, a long, thin tube with a camera and light on the end. The endoscope is inserted through the mouth and into the stomach, and then into the duodenum. Once the blockage is identified, the stent is inserted through the endoscope and positioned in the blocked area. The stent is then expanded to help keep the passage open.

Recovery and Follow-up:

Patients may experience some discomfort and bloating after the procedure, but these symptoms typically resolve within a few days. Patients will need to follow a special diet for a period of time after the procedure to allow the stent to fully expand. Follow-up appointments will be scheduled to monitor the patient’s progress and make any necessary adjustments to the stent.

Risks and Complications:

As with any medical procedure, duodenal stent placement carries some risks and potential complications. These may include bleeding, infection, perforation of the intestinal wall, stent migration, and blockage of the stent. However, these risks are relatively rare and the benefits of the procedure generally outweigh the risks for most patients.


Duodenal stent placement is a safe and effective procedure for relieving blockages in the duodenum. It offers several benefits over other treatments and can significantly improve a patient’s quality of life. If you are experiencing symptoms of a blocked duodenum, talk to your doctor to see if duodenal stent placement may be right for you.