Spine Biopsy

What is a spine biopsy and how is it performed?

A bone biopsy is a test in which a small sample of bone is removed from the body and examined under a microscope for cancer, infection, or other bone disorders. The procedure is done with the patient lying on his or her abdomen. Using fluoroscopy via CT scan, the sample of bone is removed by inserting a needle through the skin and directly into the bone. A numbing medication (local anesthetic) is used to prevent pain during this procedure. Intravenous (IV) pain and sedative medication also may be given Following the procedure the patient is taken to a recovery area for approximately one hour then discharged home to rest. Complications can include pain, bleeding, and infection.