Heart Valve Disease Treatment in Hyderabad

Four valves in your heart control the direction of blood flow to and from your heart. Their function is to open and close during each heartbeat. In a condition called stenosis, a valve is unable to open correctly and in another condition called regurgitation, the valve is incapable of closing properly.
The four valves in your heart are aortic valve, mitral valve, pulmonary valve and tricuspid valve. Any of these valves could develop an anomaly in its functioning, thereby causing a heart valve disease.


Some common symptoms of heart valve diseases are listed below:

  • Weakness and dizziness
  • Palpitations or irregular heartbeats
  • Discomfort in chest
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of ankles, feet or abdomen


Sometimes, the problem with the valves could be congenital. It could also be acquired. In some cases, the cause of heart valve disease could be unknown. In a congenital valve disease, aorta of the heart gets affected. The valves could be too small or too big, have leaflets that are malformed or have leaflets that are not attached to the annulus correctly. In bicuspid aortic valve disease, instead of three leaflets, there could be only two. In acquired valve disease, the once-normal valves develop problems. The causes could be infections, rheumatic fever or endocarditis. Endocarditis refers to the extra-growths, holes and scars in the valves of the heart. These harmful germs could enter the blood during dental procedures, surgeries, severe infections or with IV drug usage.
A few other causes of heart valve disease are:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Syphilis
  • Hypertension
  • Aortic aneurysms
  • Diseases in connective tissues
  • Tumors
  • Excessive exposure to radiation


You could be at a risk of heart valve disease if you have:

  • Severe infections in the blood
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Connective tissue disorders


To prevent heart valve disease, you must keep:

  • A healthy lifestyle
  • Eat healthy non-fatty food rich in fiber
  • Decrease the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and caffeine products.
  • Exercise regularly and keep yourself fit