Neurosurgery is a specialized branch of surgery that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of disorders affecting the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. It involves surgical interventions to address various neurological conditions, ranging from brain tumors and vascular malformations to traumatic brain injuries and degenerative disorders. Neurosurgery plays a crucial role in improving the quality of life for patients with complex neurological conditions. Neurosurgery involves the use of surgical techniques to access and treat the affected area of the nervous system. The specific approach and procedure depend on the underlying condition being treated. Common neurosurgical techniques include: