Pneumonia Treatment in Hyderabad
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can range from mild to so severe that you have to go to the hospital.
It happens when an infection causes the air sacs in your lungs (your doctor will call them alveoli) to fill with fluid or pus. That can make it hard for you to breathe in enough oxygen to reach your bloodstream.
Pneumonia is prevalent in every age group. But infants younger than age 2 and people over age 60 are at higher risk. That’s because their immune systems might not be strong enough to fight it.
You can get pneumonia in one or both lungs. You can also have it and not know it. Doctors call this walking pneumonia. Causes of Pneumonia include bacteria, viruses, and fungi or TB Bacilli. If your pneumonia results from bacteria or a virus, you can spread it to someone else.
Lifestyle habits, like smoking cigarettes and drinking too much alcohol, excessive air pollution, certain occupations, can also raise your chances of getting pneumonia. we have best doctors to treate tb
Causes of Pneumonia
Bacteria, viruses, or fungi can cause pneumonia.
Common causes include:
- Flu viruses
- Cold viruses
- RSV virus (the top cause of pneumonia in babies age 1 or younger)
- Bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Some people who are in the hospital get “ventilator-associated pneumonia” if they got the infection while using a ventilator, a machine that helps you breathe.
Symptoms of Pneumonia
Your symptoms can vary depending on what’s causing your pneumonia, your age, and your overall health. They usually develop over several days.
- Cough that produces phlegm or mucus
- Fatigue and loss of appetite
- Fever, sweating, and chills
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain when you breathe or cough
Along with these symptoms, older adults and people with weak immune systems might be confused or have changes in mental awareness, or they might have a lower-than-usual body temperature.
New-borns and infants may not show any signs of infection. Or they might vomit, have a fever and a cough, and seem restless or tired.
If you have a new cough, fever, or shortness of breath, call your doctor to ask about whether it could be Pneumonia. Illness with the new coronavirus can also lead to pneumonia.When to see a doctor
See your doctor if you have difficulty breathing, chest pain, persistent fever of 102 F (39 C) or higher, or persistent cough, especially if you’re coughing up pus. Visit TX Hospital provides the best treatment for pneumonia in hyderabad
It’s especially important that people in these high-risk groups see a doctor:
- Adults older than age 60
- Children younger than age 2 with signs and symptoms
- People with an underlying health condition or weakened immune system
- People receiving chemotherapy or taking medication that suppresses the immune system
For some older adults and people with heart failure or chronic lung problems, pneumonia can quickly become a life-threatening condition.
Treatment and Prevention:
If your doctor thinks you might have pneumonia, they’ll probably give you tests, including:
- Blood tests to look for signs of a bacterial infection
- A chest X-ray to find the infection in your lungs and how far it’s spread
- Pulse oximetry to measure the level of oxygen in your blood
- A sputum test to check the fluid in your lungs for the cause of an infection
If your symptoms started in the hospital or you have other health problems, your doctor might give you more tests, such as:
- An arterial blood gas test to measure the oxygen in a small amount of blood taken from one of your arteries
- Bronchoscopy to check your airways for blockages or other problems
- A CT scan to get a more detailed image of your lungs
- A pleural fluid culture, in which the doctor removes a small amount of fluid from the tissues around your lungs to look for bacteria that might cause pneumonia
Your doctor can tell you which treatment is right for you.
- If you have bacterial pneumonia, you’ll get antibiotics. Make sure you take all of the medicine your doctor gives you, even if you start to feel better before you’re through with it.
- If you have viral pneumonia, antibiotics won’t help. You’ll need to rest, drink a lot of fluids, and take medicine for your fever.
- If your symptoms are severe or if you have other conditions that make you more likely to have complications, your doctor may send you to the hospital. While you’re there, your doctor will probably give you fluids or antibiotics through an IV tube. You may even need oxygen therapy or breathing treatments.
- With any kind of pneumonia, recovery will take time. You’re going to need lots of rest. You might need a week off your usual routines, and you could still feel tired for a month.
To help prevent pneumonia:
- Get vaccinated.Vaccines are available to prevent some types of pneumonia and the flu. Talk with your doctor about getting these shots. The vaccination guidelines have changed over time so make sure to review your vaccination status with your doctor even if you recall previously receiving a pneumonia vaccine.
- Make sure children get vaccinated.Doctors recommend a different pneumonia vaccine for children younger than age 2 and for children ages 2 to 5 years who are at particular risk of pneumococcal disease. Children who attend a group child care center should also get the vaccine. Doctors also recommend flu shots for children older than 6 months.
- Practice good hygiene.To protect yourself against respiratory infections that sometimes lead to pneumonia, wash your hands regularly or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Don’t smoke.Smoking damages your lungs’ natural defenses against respiratory infections.
- Keep your immune system strong.Get enough sleep, exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet.