Best Hemodialysis Procedure In Hyderabad
How does hemodialysis work?
Hemodialysis works by using a dialysis machine to filter blood from the body, and then return it to the patient. A hemodialysis machine contains a dialyzer, which is a specialized filter that removes waste and excess fluid from the blood. The dialyzer is connected to the patient’s bloodstream through a vascular access site, which is typically created in the arm or leg.
During hemodialysis, the patient’s blood flows through the dialyzer, where it is cleaned and excess fluid is removed. The cleaned blood is then returned to the patient’s body through the vascular access site. This process typically takes several hours, and is performed multiple times per week.
When is hemodialysis needed?
Hemodialysis is typically needed when the kidneys are no longer able to adequately filter waste and excess fluid from the body. This can occur in individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). In addition, individuals with acute kidney injury (AKI) may also require hemodialysis if their kidney function is severely impaired.
What to expect during hemodialysis treatment?
Hemodialysis treatment typically takes place in a hospital or dialysis center. During treatment, the patient will be connected to the dialysis machine and the vascular access site will be prepared. The patient will then sit or lie down while the blood is filtered through the dialyzer. During this time, the patient may experience some discomfort or mild pain, but this can usually be managed with medication.
It is important to note that hemodialysis treatment can be time-consuming, typically lasting several hours per session, and requiring multiple sessions per week. As such, it can be challenging for patients to schedule and attend regular appointments.
In addition to the treatment itself, patients undergoing hemodialysis may also need to make dietary and lifestyle changes to manage their condition. For example, they may need to limit their intake of certain foods and fluids, and may need to take medications to manage their blood pressure and other symptoms.
Risks and complications of hemodialysis
While hemodialysis is generally safe and effective, there are some risks and complications associated with the treatment.
These can include:
- Low blood pressure
- Bleeding from the vascular access site
- Muscle cramps
- Nausea and vomiting
- Itching and skin irritation
- In addition, long-term hemodialysis treatment can lead to a number of complications, including:
- Bone disease
- High blood pressure
- Cardiovascular disease
Hemodialysis is a life-saving treatment option for individuals with end-stage renal disease or advanced chronic kidney disease. It works by using a dialysis machine to filter waste and excess fluid from the blood, and can be performed several times per week. While there are risks and complications associated with the treatment, it is generally safe and effective, and can help improve quality of life for patients with kidney disease.