Mid-urethral sling procedures for female urinary incontinence
Mid-urethral sling procedures are a common surgical treatment for female urinary incontinence. These procedures involve placing a mesh sling around the urethra to provide support and prevent leakage of urine.
There are two main types of mid-urethral sling procedures retropubic and transobturator.
Here are the steps involved in a typical mid-urethral sling procedure:
- Anesthesia: The patient is given general anesthesia or regional anesthesia (spinal or epidural) to numb the lower half of the body.
- Incision: A small incision is made in the vaginal wall and a needle is inserted through the skin and muscle to create a pathway for the mesh sling.
- Placement of the sling: The mesh sling is placed under the urethra and brought out through two small incisions on either side of the pubic bone. The sling is then adjusted to provide the necessary support to the urethra.
- Closing the incision: The incision in the vaginal wall is closed with absorbable sutures.
- Recovery: After the procedure, the patient is monitored in the recovery room for a few hours before being discharged. The patient may experience some discomfort and pain for a few days after the surgery, but this can be managed with pain medication. The patient is advised to avoid strenuous activities and heavy lifting for a few weeks.
Mid-urethral sling procedures are minimally invasive and have a high success rate in treating female urinary incontinence. However, as with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications such as infection, bleeding, and bladder or urethral injury. It is important for patients to discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with their doctor to determine if it is the right treatment option for them.