Endoscopic brain surgery is a procedure used primarily to treat brain tumors. It is considered a minimally invasive brain surgery that allows neurosurgeons to identify and treat conditions that are deep within the brain.
This type of surgery allows us to treat brain tumors less invasively than traditional open brain surgery, while still affording us the ability to get an in-depth view of the brain.
During this procedure, thin tubing that transmits video images of the brain is inserted through one or two small incisions in the skull or through an opening in the body. This tube-like instrument, called an endoscope, contains a small camera that allows the neurosurgeon to see detailed images of the problem area in the brain.
“Endoscopic approaches have truly transformed how we treat tumors, particularly because endoscopic techniques give us such a clear visualization of the tumor. This approach also does not always require us to access the brain through the skull. We’re able to access the brain through pathways like the nose and sinuses as well.
The neurosurgeon will use the images transmitted by the endoscope as a guide for removing the tumor or repair the affected area of the patient’s brain. The removal of the tumor or damaged area is performed with specialized surgical instruments.